IVF therapy has seen big achievements in the last 10 years. Developments in medical technology as well as advancements in the equipment used in the IVF laboratories have made both the doctors and the patients happy.
IVF treatment steps;
1-Some centers, whose employees have confidence with regards to the developments in in-vitro fertilisation field, may ignore the initial stage of listening to the patient’s story. This, however, may cause serious inadequacies in the later stages.
2-Tests include the basic tests as well as any additional tests that are carried out according to the patient’s medical background. While basic tests cannot be omitted, additional tests are only requested when needed and, therefore, are not considered routine.
3-Medical treatment should be individualised for each patient.
4-Egg retrieval is painless, trouble-free and short in duration. It is an operation that takes only around 15 minutes.
5-This is the easiest step for all IVF centers given all of the preceding steps were successful.
‘Infertility’ is a term used when there is no pregnancy for at least a year despite no contraception taken with regular sexual intercourse of 2-3 times per week.
What are the types of infertility?
Primary infertility: It is the case when no pregnancy occurs despite no contraception use for at least one year.
Secondary infertility: It is the case where a pregnancy has already occurred but when the couple decides to have another child, no pregnancy occurs despite no contraception use for at least one year.
Infertility prevalence does not differ much between societies. Approximately 15% of couples around the world have to refer to assisted reproductive techniques because of infertility. In majority of these infertile couples, the cause of failure to conceive can be detected. However, in approximately 10-12% of these couples no diagnosis can be made. These couples’ problem is referred to as “unexplained infertility”.
Even if a couple with no apparent health problems has sexual intercourse daily during the female’s menstrual cycle, their chance of conceiving is only 25%. This condition which indicates a couple’s fertility potential is termed as “fecundity”.
Apparently, pregnancy (fertility) is actually a matter of probability. Hence, it is not possible to foresee which couple will be able to conceive and which couple will not.
While the probability of pregnancy in one month is 25%, this number reaches 85% by the end of one year. This means, at the end of one year, 85 out of every 100 couple will conceive and the remaining 15 couples will be faced with infertility.
Research carried out with regards to infertility has revealed it to be 40% male related, 40% female related and 20% both female and male related.