IVF therapy has seen big achievements in the last 10 years. Development in medication technology and also advancement of equipment used in the IVF laboratories have made both the doctors and the patients happy.
IVF treatment sequency;
1-Some centers which have the self-confidence with the developments in in-vitro fertilisation field may ignore the initial stage of listening to the patient’s story. This, however, may cause serious inadequacies for later stages.
2-The tests include the basic tests and the extra tests that are carried out according to the patient’s medical background. While basic tests can not be ignored, further tests that may be unnecessary according to the indivual’s medical background and should not, therefore, become a routine application.
3-Medical treatment should be individualised for the patients.If there is a treatment that had been previously used and caused any adverse outcomes, it should be avoided as much as possible and their negative memories should not be brought back.
4-Egg retrieval is painless, trouble-free and short as a result of anaesthetic medications. It is an operation that takes around 15 minutes.
5-In a case where all other phases are successful, it is the easiest step for almost every center.
‘Infertility’ is a term used when there is no pregnancy for at least a year despite no contraception taken for birth control and regular sexual intercourse 2-3 times per week.
What are the types of infertility?
Primary infertility: It is the case when no pregnancy occurs despite no contraception for at least one year.
Secondary infertility: It is the case where a pregnancy has already occured but when the couple decides to have another child, no pregnancy occurs despite no contraception for at least one year.
Infertility prevalence does not differ much between societies. Approximately 15% of couples around the world have to refer to assisted reproductive techniques because of infertility. In majority of these infertile couples, the cause of failure to conceive can be detected but in approximately 10-12% of couples no pathology can be detected. These couples’ problem is called “unexplained infertility”.
Even if a couple with no health problems have sexual intercourse everyday in the female’s menstrual cycle, their chance of conceiving is only 25%. This condition that indicates the couple’s fertility potential is called “fecundity”.
Apparently, pregnancy (fertility) is actually a matter of probability. It is not possible to foresee which couple will be able to conceive and which couple will not.
While the probability of pregnancy in one month is 25%, this number reaches 85% at the end of one year. This means, at the end of one year, 85 out of every 100 couples will conceive and the remaining 15 couples will face infertility.
In research carried out with regards to infertility, 40% male related, 40% female related and 20% both female and male related causes have been detected.